Networked_Music_Review

Sampling: The Pioneers

sampling.jpgsonicstate.com offers a new series called The Art of Sampling. The first part, called The Pioneers of Sampling, runs from 1900 to 1970, and includes a 5:12 minute video.

From the text: … Before digital sampling, sound manipulation was seen as a subversive and avante garde activity. Composers were ostracized for experimenting with found sound sources and a belief that music could exist outside the strict confines of the classical or popular domain. Yep, life was an exciting adventure if you were a liberal minded avante garde experimentalist trying to scratch a living back in the early 1900’s. And this is where our story begins. With the pioneers of sampling.

Timeline – 1900-1970

The 1900’s
1912
Italian Futurist Luigi Russolo publishes the Futurist Manifesto, which proposes the composition of music based entirely on the use of sound sources from the environment.
Electronic composer and innovator John Cage is born in LA.
1913
Russolo builds noise makers and hosts a concert of noise music. The instruments include 3 buzzers, 2 bursters, 1 thunderer, 1 shriller, 1 shatterer and 1 snorter.

1915
Cabaret Voltaire opens in Zurich and Dadaism is born. With a passion for technology, the Dadaists create music based on the sounds of the new industrial machines.

1916
Composer Erik Satie’s ‘Parade’ is a collaboration with Cocteau, Picasso and Serge Diaghilev that employs a battery of sirens, car horns, typewriters, guns. The public are outraged by the performance.

The 1920’s
1920
Dadaist Stephen Wolpe uses 8 gramophones playing at different speeds.

1923
Dadaist Kurt Schwitters sound poetry piece ‘Ursonate’ is a random collage of ambience and found sound sources.

1926
Computer pioneer Max Matthews is born in Nebraska.

1928
Karlheinz Stockhausen is born near Cologne.

1929

Akai is founded in Japan by electronic engineer Masukichi Akai who begins producing radio components from a shed at his family home, helped only by members of his immediate family.

The 1930’s
1931
Edgard Varese’s ‘Ionisation’ is a 37 piece showcase for 13 percussionists.

1933
James Brown is born in South Carolina.

1935
Invention of the first tape recorder the Magnetophon.
Minimalist composer Terry Riley is born in California.

To know what happened after 1935, go to: http://sonicstate.com/news/shownews.cfm?newsid=7076#


Aug 6, 2008
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Networked_Music_Review (NMR) is a research blog that focuses on emerging networked musical explorations.

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